A healthy lifestyle is key to better arthritis management

According to World Arthritis Day doctors, arthritis patients should be active as exercise can reduce inflammation and fat loss and increase the production and release anti-inflammatory molecules.

Every year, October 12th is World Arthritis Day. Doctors recommend that people take a pledge in order to raise awareness about arthritis and its related issues, stay active and fit, and reduce the overall burden of arthritis cases in the country.

 

Arthritis can be either an autoimmune condition, or a degenerative disorder of the joints. Both cause inflammation and are debilitating chronic conditions. There is currently no cure for arthritis. You can live with it and use steroids to manage it. Arthritis can lead to severe pain, reduced quality of life, and decreased ability to function.

Doctors warn that obesity and overweight could lead to more Indians suffering from arthritis. India’s obesity and overweight rates are rising faster than the global average.

Between 1998 and 2020, the prevalence of overweight rose from 8.4% to 15.5 percent among women to 5.1% in the same time period. The prevalence of obesity also increased from 2.2 to 5.1 percentage points. This problem is not exclusive to women. They are contributing to the increasing number of arthritis cases in the country.

 

“Overweight, obesity, and other health problems such as diabetes can all lead to arthritis problems. Although there is a slight distinction between osteoarthritis (RA) and rheumatoid, both can cause serious damage to the human body. Obese people are more likely to experience severe health problems than their lighter counterparts once they reach a certain age,” stated Jagan Mohan Reddy Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon at SLG Hospitals.

K. Saketh (Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, Sports Surgery & Regenerative Orthopedics), Gleneagles Global Hospital says that severe pain in the joints discourages arthritis patients from engaging in any form of physical activity, fearing it might worsen their condition.

It is vital that people with arthritis live an active lifestyle. A sedentary lifestyle can further limit their ability to perform any physical activity, which could lead to severe psychological effects. It is crucial that arthritis patients don’t stay stationary and encourage them to exercise or walk regularly. Satyanarayana V., Consultant Orthopedic Surgery, Aware Gleneagles International Hospital, stated that exercise can reduce inflammation by decreasing fat and increasing the release of anti-inflammatory chemicals from the muscles.

He said that exercise will improve arthritis symptoms, and play a key role in managing it.