Arvind Kejriwal, Delhi Chief Minister, expressed his happiness Monday over the success of a Pusa Institute bio-decomposer. He cited a report from WAPCOS (a Union government undertaking) and asked other states to follow Delhi in reducing stubble burning’s pollution.
“WAPCOS visited 15 villages in four districts and had contact with 79 farmers. According to that information, the Central government undertaking has stated Delhi farmers are happy after using decomposer and its outcomes are encouraging,” Kejriwal stated while speaking at a virtual press conference on Monday.
According to the report, 90% of farmers reported that stubble on their farms had decomposed in 15-20 days. Their fields were then ready for next season’s crop. They used to have to plough their land six- to seven times in order to grow wheat. However, the bio-decomposer took only two to three plowings. The crop residue was transformed into manure, and organic carbon in the fields rose by 40%. Good bacteria and fungus were also increased by 7 percent and 3 percent, respectively. The soil quality was also improved, resulting in a 17-20% increase in the germination rate of the wheat crop. The Delhi Chief Minister cited the report and stated that about 50 percent of farmers agreed that DAP manure per acre was reduced to 36-40% from the earlier 46 Percent. This resulted in an 8 percent increase in wheat crop production.
He claimed that farmers were subject to earlier fines for stubble burning. However, it wasn’t their fault. It was the government’s fault.
Kejriwal asked the Central government for encouragement to other states to adopt Delhi’s model, so that farmers from neighboring states can also benefit.
As farmers in neighbouring states Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh prepare for winter, they also burn crop residue, which causes a’very poor’ air quality in the capital. This causes massive air pollution, which in turn leads to respiratory problems for its citizens.